Design is an art form that requires a combination of tools and principles to create a visual representation of an idea. The elements of design are the parts that define the visual, the tools and the components that a person uses to create a composition. In other words, they represent the basis of graphic design. Lines are one of the most important elements of design.
They enclose and contain parts of a design by creating outlines. Lines can be smooth, rough, continuous, broken, thick or thin. A diagonal line, for example, has kinetic energy and movement, while a straight line is more orderly and cleaner. Lines can be used to emphasize, highlight particular information in a busy composition, and draw attention to a particular area.
Color is another essential element of design. Even a completely grayscale design needs to be balanced and contrasted appropriately. In addition to the hue (red vs. blue), consider the saturation and brightness (or “value”) of each color.
Learn the basics of color theory to make sure a composition has the right mood, temperature and tone. Finally, consider which color space (CMYK or RGB) is best for the printer or screen where the design will look. Shapes are also important elements of design. A shape is any enclosed space defined by lines or in contrast to its environment. They can be geometric (squares, ellipses, triangles, etc.) or organic (a bubble, those little pointed things that appear on the screen when Batman hits someone).
Other components of a composition, such as blocks of text, are also shapes. Texture is another element that can bring a composition to life. While we can't feel them on websites and printed pages, textures from the outside world can be incorporated into a design to give it more depth and dimension. Do you want to imply softness, comfort and comfort? There is no quicker way than a cotton textile background. On the other hand, if you sell construction supplies, you will probably lean towards cement, stone and brick, with a more sandy textured text. Frames are also important elements of design as they organize information and create a hierarchy for the eye and highlight the most important information for the viewer.
They can be nice and decorative or basic and utilitarian. Typography is an important element of design because it literally conveys the message you want to communicate. These design elements and principles represent a set of guidelines that have the purpose of helping you create aesthetically pleasing images. When designing something, you can take advantage of certain elements to control how the human eye traverses a design. In summary, there are six basic design elements you should know: lines, color, shapes, texture, frames and typography. Just as spaces between musical notes create rhythm, spaces between design elements can also give rhythm to an image. Graphic designers use most or all of these elements of design, guided by a set of principles known as the principles of design. When you add some degree of variation to a design in which certain elements are repeated, everything changes.
Understanding these elements will help you create better designs that communicate your message effectively.